Ubiquitous

Man in the Middle

Copyright

Intellectual Property

Privacy

Peripheral

peripheral device is "an ancillary device used to put information into and get information out of the computer."

Protocol

Set of synthetic and Semenatic rules called  "Protocol"  .  A protocol is a set of rules that govern how systems communicate. For networking they govern how data is transferred from one system to another.

Protocol suite

A protocol suite is a collection of protocols that are designed to work together.

Privacy

Stringly Conected Graph

A graph in which it is possible to navigate from any one page to another

Democratic Web

One one web site cn be accessed as easily as any other ( therfore no physical bias betwen international comapnies and indivudal sellers)

Strongly Connected Graph

A graph in which it is possible to navigate from any one page to another

network host

network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network. A network host may offer information resources, services, and applications to users or other nodes on the network. A network host is a network node that is assigned a network address

Web Science Key Words

HTTP

the primary protocol used to send data between a web browser and a website

HTTPS

HTTPS uses secure protocols to encrypt communications. These 2 protocols are secure socket layer (SSL) and transport layer security (TLS)

Award up to [4 max]. Open standards are a freely available set of specifications; For example, the use of (freely available) HTML; Interoperability allows different systems to work together; In the above example, different web browsers can download and read the same web pages / different software systems (eg web server and SQL server) can interact;


Open Standards  Mega Important 

In a networked ecosystem there is the need for end-to-end solutions with pieces of software from different vendors working seamlessly together. Hence, the concept of open standards is generally accepted in industry. To customers, on the other hand, open standards guarantee a high degree of flexibility and choice. Open standards prevent single vendor lock-in by facilitating interoperability.

Standards are why we are able to use a debit card from a bank in Canada to withdraw cash from a machine in South Africa, share a photo from a Samsung phone to an Apple laptop, buy light bulbs that fit reading lamps and ceiling fans, and access the Internet.

OSI

the International Organization for Standardization

Open Standards


Open standards are a freely available set of specifications; For example, the use of (freely available) HTMLFor example, the use of (freely available) HTML

interoperability 

Interoperability allows different systems to work together; In the above example, different web browsers can download and read the same web pages / different software systems (eg web server and SQL server) can interact;

What is the difference between open standards and interoperability ?