More Resources to Questions

LinkDescriptionOther comments
linkInformation about the surface webContent on
linkInformation about the deep webContent on
linkThe invisible web
linkWhat Is the 'Invisible Web'?90% of all pages are not locatable by search engines
linkSearch engines and SpamPart of a research paper from Stanford University
linkPage rank explained by linksand law.comThere is a large amount of information related to the calculations that are beyond the scope of the course
linkGoogle's PageRank Explained
linkSearch engine optimisation tips
linkWhitehatworks.comAn opinion of how the Google Page Rank algorithm has been recalculated fro 2010-11
linkSearch engines, crawlers and pagerankThe Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine
linkVideo - How search worksGoogle Video on Search engines - good starting point
LinkGoogle - how search worksGoogle's description of how search works
LinkInfographic from Google on SearchHow Search works Infographic

C3 Distributed approaches to the web (6 hours)

Computing methods such as Grid, Ubiquitous, P2P, Mobile. Open standards. Compression techniques.

LinkDescriptionOther comments
linkWhat is Grid Computing?An outline of Grid Computing
linkWhat is Ubiquitous ComputingAn introduction to Ubiquitous Computing (needs a better example)

C4 The evolving web (10 hours)

Evolution of the web, cloud computing, copyright / IP, democratisation of the web?

LinkDescriptionOther comments
linkDemocratisation of the webHas Web 2.0 led to an inequality in participation? - link to power laws
linkThe Web as a driver of democracyArticle by Eric Schmidt
linkHow Web 2.0 WorksPeople can determine the content and appearance of the wb
linkTypes of cloud computingA discussion of public and private cloud computing
linkEthernet switches won't support the cloud5 reasons why the traditional network may not migrate to being a cloud based one

HL extension - 15 hours

C5 Analysing the web (5 hours)

Web graphs

Note that these articles are for a level beyond the requirements of this topic, so teachers should look at the assessment statements in the Guide, the depth of coverage in the Specimen Paper and the time allocated for the teaching of the topic.

There is no need to study the mathematical equations in the algorithms.

An understanding of the bowtie structure of the web and the link to power laws is also required.

LinkDescriptionOther comments
webgraph lecture notes.pdfwebgraph lecture notes.pdf
Lecture notes used by Les Carr (Southampton University)Reproduced with permission of the author
Web as a graph.pdfWeb as a graph.pdf
The Web as a graphInformation on the bowtie structure
Overviewpowerpoint presentation - theory of web graphs, edges and vertices, bowtie structure, deep web, power laws
or PDF: Here
Graph structure of the web as a bowtie including information on the strongly connected components (SCC), relevance of power laws by Andrei Broder1, Ravi Kumar2, Farzin Maghoul1, Prabhakar Raghavan2, Sridhar Rajagopalan2, Raymie Stata3, Andrew Tomkins2, Janet Wiener3.As 1: AltaVista Company, San Mateo, CA.2: IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA.3: Compaq Systems Research Center, Palo Alto, CA.
linkGraph Theory and the web map
linkGoogle's PageRank Explained
linkPage rank explained by linksand law.comThere is a large amount of information related to the calculations that are beyond the scope of the course

C6 The intelligent web (10 hours)

The Semantic web, ontologies and folksonomies, ambient and collective intelligence.

LinkDescriptionOther comments
linkWeb ScienceAn article written by Professor Nigel Shadbolt, Professor Dame Wendy Hall FRS, Professor James Hendler and Professor William Dutton
linkCollective IntelligenceArticle from MIT based on harnessing collective intelligence to research climate change
linkDefinitions of Collective Information
linkCollective inteliigenceArticle based on the work of Thomas W Malone at MIT

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